Skill: long (a) spelling pattern: (ai) and (eigh)

Remember this long vowel rule: When two vowels go walking, the first one does the talking, the second does the walking.

Ex: In the word train, “ai” are adjacent (walking side by side). The first vowel “a” is talking (says it’s name – as in the alphabet), the "i" is walking (is silent).

train image

Read the words listed below.

aim mail raid tail
brain paid rail trail
chain pail rain train
drain pain sail trait
fail paint snail vain
gain plain sprain wail
jail quail stain wait

(eigh) says a fat_boy image
eight sleigh neighbor weight

(Height and sleight are exceptions to the rule.)


What are the two long (a) patterns used in the words listed above? Write them.


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Can you think of some other words that use the (ai) or (eigh) pattern? Write them.


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Dictation/Spelling Practice for (ai, eigh) words


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snail image

Read these sentences.

jail image


Create your own sentence, include one or more words that have the long a spelling pattern (ai) or (eigh). Your writing should reflect good penmanship, proper spacing, and correct usage of upper and lowercase letters. Do not mix upper and lowercase letters. Remember all sentences begin with a capital letter and end with a period (.), question mark (?), or exclamation point (!).





Please illustrate your sentence.


















The letter a in the English language can have several distinct pronunciations.
Lesson 11 dealt with the ar pattern as in arm. Long a as in bake is treated in the previous and current lesson, and Lesson 41 covers a as in care. The remaining a sounds are basically of the short a variety such as ask, bad, can (as in Lesson 1) or sofa, about. For the most part when a is the first or last letter of a word, it is pronounced as a short u. Such words in these lessons are treated as sight words. Sight words do not follow general phonetic rules and must be learned by repeated exposure to different examples in reading text.


Student exposure and awareness is sufficient at this time.


about alike apology attention
above Amanda around awake
alarm apiece assume away


Amanda cola mozzarella pizza
ballerina koala panda salsa
banana magenta papaya tapioca
cafeteria mama piñata tarantula
Chihuahua Maria pita yoga


I have listed a few of the common words that begin or end with a”, sounding like short “u”. Have the student listen for the sound of short “u” at the beginning or end of the listed words as you read them to the student.